Peru flag colors - meaning
Red represents blood shed for independence
White symbolizes peace and purity
Cinchona tree (the source of quinine) represents flora.
Vicuña (pronounced 'vy-Q-nya) in the coat of arms represents fauna, freedom, national pride and heroism.
Yellow cornucopia spilling out gold coins stands for Peru's mineral wealth.
The wreath of palm and laurel branches stands for victory and glory.
Peru flag symbolism
The Coat of arms (Escudo de Armas) has a shield surrounded by a palm branch on its left and an laurel one on its right, tied by a red and white ribbon, as well as a Holm oak Civic Crown above it. The shield consisting of three elements: the top left section shows the vicuña, the national animal, on a light-blue field, representing the fauna of Peru; the tree in the top right section is the cinchona tree (the source of quinine, a powerful anti-malarial drug and the key flavorant in tonic water), on a white background, representing the national flora; and the bottom cornucopia with coins spilling from it, on a red field, represents the mineral resources of the country.
Peru flag meaning