Flag of Peru


    Peru Flag fast facts
    Name: El Pendón Bicolor
    Flag day: June 7
    Proportion (width:length): 2:3
    Adopted: February 25, 1824



    Peru Flag - Information
    Peru flag consists of three equal, vertical bands of red (hoist side), white, and red with the coat of arms centered in the white band. The coat of arms features a shield bearing a vicuna (representing fauna), a cinchona tree (the source of quinine, signifying flora), and a yellow cornucopia spilling out coins (denoting mineral wealth) with a palm branch on its left and an laurel one on its right, tied by a red and white ribbon, and a Holm oak Civic Crown on the top




    Peru Flag - colors meaning/symbolism
     Red represents blood shed for independence
     White symbolizes peace and purity
      Cinchona tree (the source of quinine) represents flora.
     Vicuña (pronounced 'vy-Q-nya) in the coat of arms represents fauna, freedom, national pride and heroism.
     Yellow cornucopia spilling out gold coins stands for Peru's mineral wealth.
     The wreath of palm and laurel branches stands for victory and glory.


    Peru flag day
    Flag day in Peru is celebrated on June 7, the anniversary of the Battle of Arica. In 1950, General Odría removed the coat of arms from the civil flag. The national ensign and war flag were created for exclusive uses, each with a variant of the coat of arms.
    Republic of Peru Flag (1821 - 1822)
    The first flag of the Republic of Peru was created by General José de San Martín, and officially decreed on 21 October 1820. It is diagonally quartered, with white upper and lower fields, and the others red. The flag was defaced with an oval-shaped laurel crown in the center, surrounding a sun rising behind mountains by the sea. The flag's colors were believed to have been chosen because San Martín saw a flock of parihuanas, red-and-white flamingos, take wing at his arrival. The flag proved difficult to build due to its complex construction.
    Peru Flag (1822)
    In March 1822, José Bernardo de Tagle, Marquis of Torre Tagle and Supreme Delegate of the Republic, who replaced San Martín provisionally when the latter traveled to Guayaquil, decreed a new design for the flag. This consisted of a horizontal triband, with a white band between two red ones, and a golden sun, the traditional emblem of the Inca empire, at the cente. This modification was justified, according to Torre Tagle, by the inconvenience in the construction of the previous version, among other issues. The new flag's resemblance with the Spanish flag, especially from far away, made the distinction between the armies difficult, which led to a new change to the flag.
    Peru Flag (1822 - 1825)
    On 31 May 1822, Torre Tagle changed the flag's design again. The new version was a vertical triband, with red outer bands and a white middle band, with a golden sun representing Inti at the center.
    Marcha de Banderas
    The Marcha de Banderas (Spanish: March of Flags) is a military march sung during the flag raising. It was created in 1897 by SM Jose Salas Libornio who said President Nicolás de Piérola, he disagreed with the indiscriminate interpretation of the National Anthem at all official events that were derived from civic events.

    Arriba, arriba, arriba el Perú
    y su enseña gloriosa inmortal,
    llevad en alto siempre
    la bandera nacional.

    Tal la llevaron con gloria y honor,
    héroes peruanos de invencible ardor.
    Arriba, arriba siempre la bandera nacional.

    Es la bandera del Perú,
    de blanco y rojo color,
    cual llamarada de amor,
    que en Ayacucho y en Junín
    victoriosa amaneció con el
    sol de la Libertad


    Peru flag picture
    Peru flag picture
    Peru flag picture
    Peru flag picture
    Peru flag image
    Peru flag image
    Peru flag image